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Medical Terminology: Location, Numerical, Colours, Organs, Body, Sizes, Amounts, Processes, Modifiers, and Common Suffixes

medical-terminology
source: www.medicaltourismtraining.com

    Medical Terminology - Location

    Prefixes: Movements

    • Ab- = Away 
    • Ad- = Toward 
    • Dis- = To separate

    Prefixes: Location

    • Epi-/Peri-/Circum- = Around 
    • Endo-/Intra- = Inside; inner; interior 
    • Exo-/Extra-= Outside; outer; exterior 
    • Inter- = Between 
    • Trans- = Across 
    • Dia-/Per- = Through; complete 
    • Medi(o/a) = Middle 
    • Para- = Nearby 
    • Juxta- = Next to; beside; adjacent

    Medical Terminology - Common Suffixes


    • -ology = Study of 
    • -philia = Love of 
    • -phobia = Fear of 
    • -tension = Pressure 
    • -xia = Oxygen 
    • -capnea = Carbon Dioxide 
    • -pnea = Air 
    • -ase = Enzyme

    Medical Terminology - Numerical


    Prefixes: Speed 
    • Tachy- = Rapid; fast 
    • Brady-/Brachy- = Slow
    Prefixes: Numerical
    • Mono- = Single; singular/single 
    • Di- = Two; double 
    • Tri- = Three; triple 
    • Quad- = Four; quadruple 
    • Poly- = Many; a lot 
    • Oligo- = Few; several; very little

    Medical Terminology - Colours


    • Chromo/Chromato = Color 
    • Leuko = White 
    • Erythro = Red 
    • Cyano = Blue 
    • Chloro = Green 
    • Melan = Black 
    • Flav = Yellow

    Medical Terminology - Organs


    Abdominal Organs
    • Gastro-= Stomach
    • Hepato-= Liver
    • Cholecysto- = Gallbladder
    • Spleno- = Spleen
    • Pancreato-= Pancreas
    • Adreno-= Adrenal Gland
    • Nephro- = Kidney
    • Entero- = Intestines
    • Colo- = Colon/Large Intestine

    Medical Terminology - Body (General)


    • Homeo- = Body 
    • Cephalo- = Head 
    • Cerv- = Neck 
    • Thoraco- = Chest 
    • Abdomino- = Abdominal 
    • Pelvo/i- = Pelvic 
    • Periton- = Peritoneum 
    • Derm- = Skin/dermis 
    • Neuro- = Nerve
    • Hemo- = Blood 
    • Arterio-/Angio- = Arteries 
    • Veno-/Vena = Venous 
    • Vasculo-= Vascular 
    • Musculo- = Muscle 
    • Myo-/Sarco- = Muscle 
    • Skelet- = Skeleton; Bone 
    • Osteo- = Bone 
    • Cyto- = Cell

    Medical Terminology - Sizes & Amounts


    • Macro-: Large; visible to the naked eye 
    • Micro-: Small, not visible to the naked eye 
    • Hyper-: High; above normal; elevated 
    • Hypo-: Low, below normal; decreased 
    • Eu-/Normo-: Normal 
    • Pan-/Omni-: All 
    • A-/An-: Absent; lacking 
    • Megalo-: Large; larger than average

    Medical Terminology – Processes and Modifiers

    • Astheni(o)- = weakness 
    • Alter- = change 
    • Aspir(o)- = Inhaling; inhalation 
    • Aspirat(o)- = Inhaling; inhalation 
    • Ante- = before 
    • Pre- = Before 
    • Post- = After 
    • Primi- = First 
    • Acoust(o)- = To hear; hearing 
    • Aud(i/o)- = Hearing

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