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Medical Rapid Revision

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Source: www.gatetomedicine.com
Drug of choice for induction of labour? 
Oxytocin

Drug of choice for ectopic pregnancy? 
Methotrexate

Drug of choice for hypothyroidism? 
Levothyroxine

Drug of choice for erectile dysfunction? 
Sildenafil

Drug of choice for type 1 diabetes mellitus? 
Insulin

Drug of choice for osteoporosis? 
Alendronate

Drug of choice for hypercalcemia of malignancy? 
Bisphosphonate 

Drug of choice for paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia? 
Intravenous Adenosine

Drug of choice for WPW syndrome? (WPW=Wolff Parkinson White Syndrome) 
Oral Flecainide(class 1c drug-sodium channel blocker)

Treatment of choice for WPW syndrome? 
Radiofrequency Ablation

Half-life of amiodarone? 
Half-Life = 53 days!!

Mechanism of action of digoxin? 
Sodium Potassium Pump(Na+K+ATPase) Block

Which ACE inhibitor first approved by the FDA? 
Captopril

What is Aliskiren? 
It is a direct renin inhibitor used in hypertensive patients.

HLA associated with myasthenia gravis? 
HLA B8

Bleeding in pons causes? 
Coma and pinpoint pupil

The most common cause of stroke in elderly people? 
Thrombosis

Todd's paralysis is mostly seen after? 
Grand mal epilepsy

Neck rigidity without fever seen in? 
Subarachnoid haemorrhage

deficiency seen in cortex in Alzheimer's disease?
Acetylcholine

Shrinking lung syndrome is seen in? 
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Initial investigation of choice in case of deep vein thrombosis? 
Duplex USG

Bilateral upper-limb pulseless disease known as? 
Takasayu arteritis

type of breathing seen in metabolic alkalosis?
Cheyne stroke breathing

Granulomatous condition with hypercalcemia seen in? 
Sarcoidosis

Definitive treatment of hypermagnesemia? 
Haemodialysis

Hypokalemic metabolic acidosis with hypertension seen in? 
Liddle's syndrome

Which virus cause orchitis? 
Mumps

Drug used for giardiasis? 
Metronidazole

Libman-sacks endocarditis seen in? 
SLE

Most common benign tumor of the oesophagus? 
Leiomyoma

Most common malignant tumor of the oesophagus? 
Squamous cell carcinoma

Most important prognostic factor for oesophageal cancer is?
Depth of invasion

Genes associated with Crohn's disease? 
NOD, ATG 16 L, and IRGM

The most common site for Crohn's disease?

  • Ileum (Most common)
  • Ileocecal Valve (2nd Most common)
  • Caecum (3rd most common)

Total number of bones in adult human? 
206

Total number of ribs? 
24

Total number of bones in skull? 
22

Total number of bones in neck? 
8 (7 vertebra+hyoid)

Total number of bones in vertebral column? 
33

Normal respiratory rate? 
16-20 breaths/minutes

Normal heart rate? 
60-100 beats/minutes

Normal blood pressure? 
120/80 mmHg

Total cranial nerves? 
12 pair (24)

What is average birth length? 
50 cm

Most common cause of mental retardation?
Down Syndrome(Trisomy 21)

First reflex present in newborn? 
Swallowing Reflex (Present From Womb)

In infant, pneumonia diagnose by? 
Increased Respiratory Rate

Inheritance of G6PD deficiency?
Autosomal Recessive 

What is pan T cell marker?
CD 3

What is pan B cell marker? 
CD 19

Largest organ of body?
Skin

Trochlear nerve supplies which muscle?
Superior oblique muscle [Extraocular muscle]

In which stage, 90% of hair present? 
Anagen

Sign which appear first during mysthenia gravis? 
Ptosis

Most specific antibody in systemic lupus erythromatosus? 
Anti Smith Antibody


Beck's triad seen in?

Cardiac tamponade

What is the length of inguinal canal?
4 cm

Which muscle supplied by abducent nerve? 
Lateral Rectus

Tympanic membrane derive from?
All 3 germ layers 

Who is the governor of cell cycle? 
RB gene [Retinoblastoma Gene]

Mention 3 names of permanent cell

  • Neurons
  • Cardiac muscle
  • skeletal muscle 

What is hypertrophy?
Increase in cell size

Most common cause of cell injury? 
Hypoxia

What is pyknosis?
Nuclear Shrinkage 

Bioavailability Measure By?
Area Under Curve (AUC) 

Loading dose (drug) depend on??
Volume of distribution (Vd)

Maintenance dose of drug depend on?
Clearance

Microsomal Metabolic Reaction For Drug Metabolism?
Glucuronide Conjugation 

Nicotinic Cholinergic Receptor?
Ganglia& Adrenal Medulla 

Name Of Honeymoon Muscle? 
Sartorius 

Name Of Anti Rape Muscle? 
Gracilis

Nerve Involved in Fracture Neck Of Fibula?
Common Peroneal Nerve

Most common nerve involved in leprosy?
Ulnar Nerve 

Name Of Climbing Muscle? 
Lattismus Dorsi

Type of blister in pemphigus vulgaris? 
Suprabasal

Can be responsible for bezold jarisch reflex
Serotonin

Other names for Parkinson's disease? 
Paralysis agitans

Histone methylation makes DNA _____ ??
Inactive

If RB gene is hypophosphorylated than cell cycle will stop at _____ ??
G1 phase

Histone acetylation makes DNA _____ ?
Active

Albumin is _____ acute phase reactant?
Negative

RDW deal with _____ ?
Anisocytosis

Decrease glutathione activity seen in _____ ?
Riboflavin Deficiency

Pellagra due to _____ deficiency? 
Niacin

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